3 Common Types of Ultrasound and How They Are Used

Your health can be learned a lot from ultrasound scans. We can examine various parts of your body with various types of ultrasound or even look inside a pregnant woman to see a developing baby.

All of these various scans can be completed by Sanjivini Diagnostics at our Best ultrasound in Chandigarh clinic.

How does ultrasound work?

A particular kind of soundwave that is audible to humans is called ultrasound.

These soundwaves can be used by the technology in our private ultrasound clinic to produce precise images of your internal organs.

Different types of tissue inside your body will reflect the sound waves that are emitted by the ultrasound probe.

The probe will gather the ultrasound echoes and use them to create precise, real-time images of your organs that move.

Abdominal Ultrasound

Examining internal organs like the liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, kidneys, and bladder using an abdominal ultrasound is helpful.

This can assist in the diagnosis of a number of ailments and the evaluation of the harm brought on by the diseases.

Ultrasound can also be used for the following because it produces real-time images:


  • Describe techniques like needle biopsies, in which cells are taken from organs with needles and tested in a lab.
  • Identifying the cause of many abdominal pains, such as kidney or gallbladder stones, can help a doctor treat the patient.
  • aid in determining the reason for an abdominal organ’s enlargement.
  • Major blood vessels are examined using a special type of ultrasound study called Doppler ultrasound.
  • These images can aid the doctor in seeing and assessing:
    clots and other blood flow obstructions.
  • plaque accumulation inside the vessel.
  • a congenital defect.

Carotid & Abdominal Aorta Ultrasound Imaging

A quick, noninvasive way to find blood flow obstructions in the neck arteries leading to the brain that could cause a stroke or mini-stroke is with carotid ultrasound.

An aneurysm is an abnormal enlargement of the abdominal aorta that typically results from atherosclerotic disease, and it can be detected using an ultrasound of the abdominal aorta.

The patient is lying on a movable, tilting examination table. The area to be examined is covered with a clear gel.

Since sound waves cannot travel through the air, the gel aids in the transducer’s secure contact with the skin and removes any air pockets.

After viewing the images on the monitor and taking “snapshots” as necessary, the sonographer or radiologist presses the transducer firmly against the skin and sweeps along the area of interest.

Transvaginal Ultrasound

The same as for a gynaecological exam, a woman must empty her bladder prior to a transvaginal ultrasound.

Along with lying face up on her back, she is also wearing stirrups. For this test, the ultrasound transducer must be inserted.

In comparison to the typical speculum used in Pap tests, the transducer is smaller.

Before being inserted into the vagina, the transducer is covered with a protective covering and lubricating gel.

The transducer is only inserted into the vagina for the first two to three inches.

To obtain images from various angles, the doctor may move the device around.

Searching for the source of pelvic pain is the most frequent reason for transvaginal pelvic ultrasounds.


In order to measure the flow of blood through your arteries, we can also conduct a special kind of scan called a Doppler scan.

The carotid artery, which supplies the brain with blood, is typically the target of the scan. It can indicate your risk of developing a stroke, which frequently occurs when an artery becomes congested with fatty material.

Therefore, scans can aid in preventing potentially serious health issues.

You can schedule an appointment at Best Ultrasound in Chandigarh if you need to arrange any type of ultrasound scan in Chandigarh.

The Benefits of Color Doppler Ultrasound Scanners

Sometimes medical professionals use technology in a way that is safe for your body, produces quick results, and has no negative side effects.

Only with Doppler ultrasound can doctors see what’s happening inside your body without using X-rays or injections.

Rather, it converts sound waves into visuals. It can be used by your doctor to check for problems with blood flow, such as vein clots or artery blockages.

It’s one of the primary techniques for checking for deep vein thrombosis (DVT), a condition in which blood clots develop in deep body veins, typically in the legs.

deep vein thrombosis can result in more severe issues, like a clot in your lungs. It might endanger life. So, if you experience symptoms, it’s crucial to get tested.

Colour Doppler ultrasound in Chandigarh can detect and assess the development of red blood cells because they cause a change in the pitch of the reflected sound waves, also known as the Doppler impact.

They use conventional ultrasound techniques to produce an image of a blood vessel, and a computer then converts the Doppler sounds into colours that are superimposed on the image to show the direction and speed of blood flow to the vessel.

Every image has frames that identify the locations of the blood, and the speed is determined by the frame rate.

Benefits of the Colour Doppler ultrasound include:

  • Non-invasive
  • Pain is usually minimal
  • Not using radiation
  • Can demonstrate the presence of blocked arteries in the neck, arms, or legs
  • Can demonstrate the presence of blood clots in the veins of your legs
  • Can display the quantity and rate of blood flow in your arteries and veins
  • Provides a graphic representation of the heart’s or a vessel’s blood flow
  • Assists in determining flow direction and velocity
  • Helps with the quick identification of vessels, valves, and turbulent flow

What purposes do Color Doppler tests serve?

The Color Doppler test is primarily used for:
aids in evaluating blood flow following a stroke or other conditions that affect blood flow
aids in determining the presence, quantity, and turbulent flow associated with arterial plaques.
aids in monitoring the blood flow to vital organs such as the heart, kidney, liver, pancreas, etc.

When is it appropriate to use the Colour Doppler Mode?

  • Locate the stenotic or thrombotic area (e.g. TAC or aneurysm models)
  • Examine the presence, number, and turbulent flow associated with arterial plaques
  • Learn about tiny blood vessels like the mouse coronary arteries and femoral and arcuate arteries
  • Assess blood flow following a stroke or other conditions that affect it
  • Check the circulation of blood to vital organs like the heart, liver, pancreas, kidney, carotid, abdominal aorta, and others


In conclusion, the Color Doppler test is an essential tool for identifying diseases and conditions that affect the heart’s ability to pump blood effectively.

If a Color Doppler test has been recommended for you or a member of your family, schedule an appointment at Chandigarh’s premier Color Doppler ultrasound facility.

One of the top diagnostic centres and a pathology lab with NABL accreditation, Sanjivini Diagnostics provides its clients with convenient, trustworthy, and accurate pathology and diagnostic services.

Set Up Your Color Doppler Test Right Away! Call 09878354027 to reach us anytime.

What’s the Difference Between 3D and 4D Ultrasound Scans?

You can see your unborn child in even more depth and detail with a 3D or 4D ultrasound than you can with a 2D ultrasound.

You can see the baby’s actual image in 3D or 4D, which includes the baby’s skin, nose, and tongue rather than internal organs.

You will be able to observe your unborn child’s movements inside the uterus, such as kicking and yawning.

The parents can see a faded greyish colour of the image on the screen during the 2D screening.

This image displays the baby’s internal organs are scanned by the device.

3D and 4D Ultrasound in Chandigarh

Image Credit: Consequence of Sound

Why are 3D and 4D sonograms performed?

Most mothers over 40 and those who experience pregnancy complications opt for 3D and 4D sonograms.

To determine whether the pregnancy is abnormal, the doctor typically uses 2D sonograms.

They function as a 2D test to check the amniotic fluid, the position of the foetus, and any congenital defects.

Sonograms in 3D and 4D look closely at any foetal anomalies. They can document spine problems, cleft lip issues, and any other defects.

What differentiates 3D and 4D ultrasound from each other?

A 2D ultrasound of a foetus produces a flat, monochrome image for perspective.

However, a 2D ultrasound clearly demonstrates how the baby’s internal organs work, which is essential for assessing the baby’s health.

Ultrasound scans in 3D and 4D allow you to see the child in three dimensions.

From various angles, they show more internal and external detail, such as the heart wall, valves, or blood flow in different vessels; externally, the skin, or the shape of the mouth.

Many parents find it exciting to see their infant in such detail, especially if they notice that their child is “smiling” or yawning.

Detecting conditions like a cleft lip, heart defects, skeletal problems, or neural abnormalities are made remarkably simple by the depth and detail of 3D and 4D ultrasound imagery.

The main distinction between a 3D and 4D ultrasound is that a 4D ultrasound enables doctors to view video of the baby’s images “live stream.” In essence, 4D ultrasound is 3D ultrasound in motion.

Reliable and consistent ultrasound performed by Sanjivini Diagnostics’s specialists

Despite the fact that 3d and 4d ultrasound in Chandigarh is one of the safest imaging techniques, care should always be taken when scheduling scans and determining their objectives.

Only sonographers with the highest level of training and expertise should conduct ultrasound scans, and they should be done quickly and with the least amount of intensity.

At Sanjivini Diagnostics, we take great pride in being a pioneer in offering precise ultrasound exams that meet the highest standards of reliability, safety, and accuracy.

We also give your individual care and attention our complete attention. We keep you updated throughout the entire ultrasound procedure, collaborate closely with your doctor, and deliver daily radiology reports.

Call us at 09878354027 to learn more or to make an appointment, or click here to fill out our online Appointment form.